The 2019-20 corona virus has affected educational systems worldwide, leading to the near-total closures of schools, universities and colleges.
As of 18 April 2020, approximately 1.725 billion learners have been affected due to school closures in response to the pandemic. According to UNESCO monitoring, 192 countries have implemented nationwide closures and 5 have implemented local closures, impacting about 99.9 percent of the world’s student population.On 23 March 2020, Cambridge InternationalExaminations (CIE) released a statement announcing the cancellation of Cambridge, Cambridge O Level, Cambridge International AS & A Level, Cambridge Diploma, and Cambridge Pre-U examinations for the May/June 2020 series across all countries. InternationalBaccalaurea exams have also been cancelled.
During the swine flu out break 2009 in Uk, in an article titled “Closure of schools during an influenza pandemic” published in the Lancetinfections diseases, a group of epidemiologists endorsed the closure of schools in order to interrupt the course of the infection, slow further spread and buy time to research and produce a vaccine.
Zoom Video Communications, Inc. (Zoom) is a communications technology company headquartered in San Jose, California. It provides videotelephony and online chat services through a cloud-based peer_to_peer software platform and is used for telecomutating, distance education, and social relations.
Founder:- Eric Yuan (CEO)
Head quarters:- Sanjose,California,US.
Net income:-$21million(2019). Use of the platform is free for video conferences of up to 100 participants, with a 40-minute time limit. For longer or larger conferences with more features, paid subscriptions are available, costing $15–20 per month. Features geared towards business conferences, such as Zoom Rooms, are available for $50–100 per month.
Criticism:- Zoom’s data security and privacy practices have been scrutinized.In March 2020, New York stateAttorney General Letitia james launched an inquiry into Zoom’s privacy and security practices. Following these inquiries, Zoom was banned from New York City schools by the New York City department of education. In April 2020, CEO Yuan apologized for the security issues, claiming that some of the issues were a result of Zoom having been designed for “large institutions with full IT support.“Zoom agreed to focus on data privacy and issue a transparency report.
Online learninginvolves courses offered by postsecondary institutions that are 100% virtual, excluding(MOOCs). Online learning, or virtual classes offered over the internet, is contrasted with traditional courses taken in a brick-and-mortar school building.It is the newest development inthat began in the mid-1990s with the spread of the internet and theWorld wide web. Learner experience is typically asynchronous, but may also incorporate synchronous elements. The vast majority of institutions utilize a Learning Management System for the administration of online courses. As theories of distance education evolve, digital technologies to support learning and pedagogy continue to transform as well.
The well-known educational theoristargued that learning occurs in collaboration with knowledgeable others.Similarly, psychologist noted that in order for learning to occur, the content must be meaningful to the student.constructivist theory of learning highlighted the importance of engaged learning where meaningful discussions were held between peers.